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Human landscape: used or participated?

Human landscape: used or participated? by Antonella Grana is the fifth article in our Quaderno 16 “Human landscapes, urban landscapes” available from this link in July

This Quaderno takes me back a recent past, a past that I would call pre-Covid on one hand and post-earthquake on the other. December 10th, 2016, van loaded with everything we managed to collect with donations, 5 in the morning, direction Norcia. There is a lot of ice at that time of the morning (night?). We have a long way to run with a lot of detours because the earthquake that hit central Italy, first in August and then in October, did not spare the road network. Emanuele Persiani, the author of the first article of this Quaderno, is waiting for us.

As Emanuele tells us in his article, the earthquake has changed the landscape of the area forever. Streams, such as the Torbidone, have given birth to a sort of lake, human settlements have expanded creating dormitories where the SAE – Emergency Housing Solutions, have been built. […]

Human landscape

[…] The participated human landscape is what is missing. An active and lively community makes a participated human landscape. A community that makes proposals even when nothing is asked. Well, this is my hope, and not only for Norcia, for all of us: a shared human landscape. It’s also up to us to make a move.

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The environmental side of the NRRP: policies with (little) territory

“The environmental side of the NRRP: policies with (little) territory by Alessandro Boldo is the fourth article in our Quaderno 16 “Human landscapes, urban landscapes” available from this link in July

1. NRRP and the environment

The National Recovery and Resilience Plan, temporarily loosening budgetary constraints to 2026, should guarantee the implementation of those structural reforms capable of reactivating the country’s development within the Next Generation Eu scheme and in turn in the new paradigm of the European Green Deal (EGD).

Next Generation EU has allocated 37% of 800MM€ to support objectives of the EGD, of which a significant part to the implementation of the Italian NRRP, with the ambitious goal of achieving climate neutrality by 2050 and reducing climate-changing emissions by 55 % compared to the 1990 scenario by 2030.

With reference to the transition, Italy is the largest beneficiary in absolute terms, with 70 MM€ compared to 27 in Spain, 18 in France. In relative terms, Italy allocates the minimum to the transition: 37% against 40% in Spain, 46% in France, 42% in Germany, 59% in Austria.

2. Which transition?

Transition is already present in the major European strategies of the last 20 years, the ‘Lisbon Strategy’ and ‘Europe 2020’. As noted by Schunz (2022) the term transition in the former is associated with structural reforms of the knowledge-based type to enable the economic dynamism and competitiveness of the Eurozone. In the second, interventions of a purely economic nature shift the policy focus on the mitigation of the effects induced by financial crises, that of sovereign debts, adding two new areas of interest: digitization and climate change. […] Continue reading “The environmental side of the NRRP: policies with (little) territory” here

The environmental side of the PNRR

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The landscape along the footprints of the Lion of Venice

“The landscape along the footprints of the Lion of Venice” by Lucia Ammendolia is the third article in Quaderno 16 “Human landscapes, urban landscapes” available from this link in July

Courtesy of Philippe Apatie

The first reaction we have when thinking of the word landscape, or panorama which is its amplified extension, is something external to us, a postcard view, something abstract, which we can only grasp through a single sense, the view. Instead, it is something much more complex. Let’s think, for example, of the “soundscape”, given by the set of acoustic elements that compose it, like the sound of the bells in an old village or the cicadas in a mountain meadow. The place, in addition to the physiocratic aspect, also expresses its identity through the sounds of the environment.

Il paesaggio era come un verso di poesia che crea sé stesso” (The landscape was like a line of poetry creating itself) (Corrado Alvaro)

 The term LANDSCAPE derives from country, from the Latin pagus (= village); hence the adjective pagensis which means “the space around an agricultural village”.

This concept stands out even more in the term landscape. According to one of the fathers of the “Convention of the landscape”, the French geographer Yves Luginbuhl, this term is composed of land (earth) and schaft (to transform, model) therefore spaces of territories in continuous construction and consequent interaction between human being and nature. All this highlights the natural correlation between the territory and its anthropic part. Within the landscape, human being is not a mere observer but, quoting Jacob, he/she is an “active inhabitant”.

There are different ways of relating to the landscape, every people define and shape the context through their own experiences, lived in relation to it. This concept is summed up in a single word that we usually use: culture. Its etymology derives from the Latin “cultura” which means to cultivate, to honor the earth, from which lessons are learned. Landscape is a complex cultural process.

Continue reading The landscape along the footprints of the Lion of Venice here

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The territory is not a map

“The territory is not a map and the map is not the territory” by Roberto Ervas is the second article in Quaderno 16 “Human landscapes, urban landscapes” available from this link in July

We can compare the territorial body to the biological body.

In the territorial body agricultural and/or open areas, residential and productive infrastructures, infrastructures of energy, water, data services, etc., road and/or transport infrastructures, such as carriageways, railways, air, sea, cycle, and pedestrian ways coexist.

In addition to this, cognitive, relational, biological, social, anthropological, cultural, etc. “networks” exist and operate in the territory.

All this demonstrates that territorial dynamics are multidimensional, integrated and complex phenomena.[…]

The territorial body cannot stand on the anthropic-entropic dimension alone and compared to the biological body the prevalence of structures and/or organs leads to its death and/or dysfunction,

There is now a quantity of literature and studies, as well as urban models, which have incontrovertibly placed the question of the limit at the center of their reflection, for solving problems.

The most livable – and coincidentally the richest – urban realities are those that have accepted this challenge and “setting themselves a limit” is the opportunity for their relaunch and success. […]

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Earthquake, human and urban landscape

Earthquake, human and urban landscape is the first article in Quaderno 16 “Human landscapes, urban landscapes” available from this link in July

On 30 October 2016 at 7:40 a magnitude 6.5 earthquake struck Norcia and the surrounding areas. A much stronger shock than the one that only a few days earlier (August 24) had hit the same area, destroying Amatrice. In those hours of August 24, Central Italy saw entire inhabited areas razed to the ground and suffered considerable losses both in terms of human lives and of buildings and places full of art.

The relief efforts started immediately as did the promise of reconstruction and reorganization of the territory. To date, entire areas still see the damage of the earthquake and the reconstruction works have not been completed.

The 2016 earthquake: the damages

The town of Norcia has suffered serious damage to its artistic and cultural heritage, its symbol is the Basilica of San Benedetto. Some hamlets such as San Pellegrino, Campi di Norcia and Castelluccio di Norcia have been almost destroyed.

earthquake human and urban landscape

The slow rebuilding

The aid machine was set in motion from the very first hours. A great deployment of civil and military protection means intervening to bring aid and secure the areas devastated by the main shocks and subsequent aftershocks […]

earthquake human and urban landscape

How the territory has changed

The earthquakes in 2016 produced numerous changes to the morphology of the territory. The earthquake produced a variation of the soil that affects an area of over one thousand square kilometres, the area of Norcia underwent a shift towards the west, with surface faults reaching up to 180 centimetres. In some areas the hilly or mountainous level has decreased, and the watercourses have undergone variations. The opening and closing of natural springs have also caused a change in the economies that revolve around these water sources.

earthquake human and urban landscape

The territory has changed because of the damages and because of reconstruction. The surface occupied by houses has significantly increased up to doubling in various areas. This to the detriment of the green areas around Norcia that were once the pride of the area […]

earthquake human and urban landscape

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Dead end track

Dead end track is the intro article to Quaderno 15 “Tourism between revenge and regeneration” available in May from this link

Dead end track

Dead end track. No, don’t worry, even if the title sounds a bit gloomy, in this Quaderno we’re going to talk about tracks that come back to life.

For this publication we are moving to France where we will be “hosted” at La Recyclerie, a place that I had the pleasure of knowing personally and that has something in common with Progetto Re-Cycle. If you look closely at their logo you will see that it looks a lot like ours.

La Recyclerie represents the first track of this story. When I visited the place in March 2022, I was impressed by the fact that this structure had been developed along a track and an abandoned station. La Recyclerie, as Fabrizia Greta Silvestri tells us, was born, initially as a farm, along the old railway walls of Paris in the 18th Arrondissement. Talking about a farm in Paris is a daydream for me.

[…]

Dead end track

Revenge tourism

Fabio Casilli talks about this type of “crowded” tourism in his article on Revenge Tourism.

It is an aspect of tourism that has emerged after Covid.  A spasmodic desire to travel resulting on overcrowded cities leading to a tourist offer that risks to become chaotic and of low quality. An offer that has had to deal, both in France and in Italy, with the lack of personnel. The senior staff, because of Covid, resigned and moved to different jobs. In France the real estate market – linked to the 2024 Olympics – has absorbed part of the personnel in the tourism sector. The junior staff that has been employed, still shows lack of skills on field.

Again, the question arises “where is tourism going?” […]

Destination management

When I talk about tourism, I prefer to do it with Destination Management which involves the management of a territory and its enhancement with the support of operators who know closely the place in which they operate

[…]

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Revenge Tourism or…forget tourism ?

The restart after the pandemic

Revenge tourism

Revenge Tourism or…forget tourism ? The restart after the pandemic by Fabio Casilli is the second article of Quaderno 15 “Tourism between revenge and regeneration” available in May from this link

Tourism in recent years, i.e. from the end of 2019 to today, has undergone a real tsunami that has profoundly changed the way of “doing” tourism, both by those who use it as a tourist/traveller, whose needs have radically changed, and by tourist operators

Indeed, “before” health safety did not even appear among the top twenty selection criteria.

Beyond the devastating effects of the pandemic, the seriousness of Covid as a disease, its spread around the world at a speed and ease unimaginable until then, there were important and no less serious terrible and important effects from a psychological point of view.[…]

Tourism has restarted very slowly, but inexorably.

After a long time locked up and repressed, people have developed a will to move, travel, like never before.

The need to find a “normal” life has pushed the desire to go out to excess.

This phenomenon of almost spasmodic desire to travel has been given a name that explains very well the state of mind we all had when we were able to do it again: revenge tourism

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Urban regeneration, sociability and tourism

Urban regeneration, sociability, and tourism by Fabrizia Greta Silvestri is the first article of Quaderno 15 “Tourism between revenge and regeneration” available in May from this link

During my visit to Paris for COP21 last December, I really wanted to visit La Recyclerie before going to Bourget. Their approach is entirely ecological and demonstrates that the economy and the environment can go hand in hand”. (DEBORA O.RAPHAEL, Director of the Environment of the city of San Francisco)

I have always believed in recycling as an opportunity not to pollute our planet but also to give new life to something that was no longer used. Perhaps as I grew up with a seamstress grandmother at home, since I was a child, I have had the habit of wearing clothes created from “old” customers’ clothes. This made me proud because nobody had clothes like mine!

In 2021, during my first post Pandemic trip to Paris, a friend introduced me to a place that has become my refuge every time I go back. La Recyclerie: it could not have had a more suitable name for the post-COVID period we were going through.

Urban regeneration

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Music, culture and tourism

Music culture and tourism” by Chiara Pegge is the third article of our Quaderno 14

The phenomenon of Tourism and, probably, the word tourism derive from the long journey undertaken by the young European aristocrats in the eighteenth century, the so -called “Grand Tour”. Goethe, Stendhal, Burney are some of the most famous names that left significant evidence in Italy, the “Bel Paese”.

The Grand Tour was a cultural journey during which the knowledge of the travelers was deepened. The printed books on this experience can be considered a sort of tourist guides. Today the methods of experiencing many events have changed considerably with the advent of technology, especially in the past three years.

Music culture and tourism

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Digital maps, inclusion and tourism

Digital maps, inclusion and tourism” is the second article of Quaderno 14

Social inclusion, environmental sustainability, territory, and digital services can be combined in many, different ways.

Social inclusion and environmental sustainability are elements that are often viewed with suspicion or annoyance by commercial activities. In fact the first word that is often associated with these is “costs”, and the second “enforcement”. “Making a place Inclusive, Accessible and Sustainable means spending, but I have to do it because it’s the law”.

Therefore I have started to write this article as an  itinerary through a sequence of keywords linked together by a logical sequence.

Digital maps inclusion and tourism

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